The Government of Panama originally planned to develop High Level Reporting Mechanism (HLRM) to apply to tenders in the infrastructure. In 2015, it changed the focus to overseeing public procurement by the national Social Security Fund.

Known as the Secretaría de Alto Nivel para la Prevención de Actos de Corrupción (SEPRECO), the Panama version of the HLRM is similar to the Colombian HRLM model. It is designed to be staffed by representatives of Panama’s Anti-Corruption Agency.

Colombia has led the way in adopting and expanding the concept of the High Level Reporting Mechanism (HLRM). It developed the first HLRM in 2013 to ensure a smooth and fair public tender process for the national 4G roads infrastructure project.

During the 4G roads project, the HLRM was activated about a late modification to technical specifications that cut all but one bidder out of the competition. Working with the bidding companies, experts and government representatives, the HLRM resolved the issue within two weeks in a way that was acceptable to all sides.

In August 2018, the Basel Institute on Governance and OECD signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the Colombian President and Mayor of Bogotá to promote collaboration in designing a High Level Report Mechanism (HLRM) for the construction of Bogotá’s first metro line.

Co-financed by central and local governments, the 25 km elevated metro line will transport around 650,000 passengers a day. The total cost of this major five-year infrastructure project is estimated at USD 4.1 billion.

Argentina launched its first High Level Reporting Mechanism (HLRM) in January 2018 and applied it to a major highways project.

In September 2018, the Anti-Corruption Office reactivated the HLRM to apply to a public-private partnership (PPP) tender for Electricity Transmission run by the Energy Secretariat. The project involves the construction of new high-voltage electricity transmission lines with a scope of more than 3,000 kilometres.

Argentina launched its first High Level Reporting Mechanism (HLRM) in January 2018. In the pilot phase launched in April 2018, it applied to public-private partnership (PPP) contracts under a National Highways Directorate (Dirección Nacional de Vialidad, DNV) project to develop 7,500 km of new highways and safe routes.

The 12-year road infrastructure project involved a total expenditure of USD 35 billion, with around USD 12 billion spent during the first phase alone (2015–2019). The first round of contracts were awarded in July 2018.

This document addresses the High Level Reporting Mechanism (HLRM) and its contributions to fairer market conditions in Colombia, where it is being piloted in connection with the public procurement process for the 4G Road Project. Using a Public Private Partnership approach, the 4G Road Project will be carried out over the course of seven years, completing 8,000 km of roads at an investment of US$25 billion.

The role of the HLRM will be to ensure that the program is less vulnerable to corruption and bribery risks.

To overcome corruption it is essential to combat extortion as well as bribery. There has been steady progress in curbing bribery through national laws implementing the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention.  

Extortion has not received comparable attention. Neither the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention nor the US Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, the most widely enforced anti-corruption law, covers extortion. Extortion is covered by the UN Convention against Corruption, but implementation of that convention is still at an early stage.