How can law enforcement agencies, financial intelligence units and private financial institutions such as banks work better together to identify, freeze and confiscate criminal assets?

What opportunities and challenges are there for public-private collaboration for asset recovery, and what can we learn from emerging models such as financial information-sharing partnerships?

These questions were central to the 11th Lausanne Seminar held on 2–3 September 2021, a forum for sharing knowledge, best practices and hands-on experience involving the recovery of illicit assets.

This analysis of 'globalised' standard-setting processes draws together insights from law, political sciences, sociology and social anthropology to assess the authority and accountability of non-state actors and the legitimacy and effectiveness of the processes. The essays offer new understandings of current governance problems, including environmental and financial standards, rules for military contractors and complex public-private partnerships, such as those intended to protect critical information infrastructure.